Brazil is the country that produces the most coffee in the world and has been doing so for the past 150 years. In 2019, Brazil produced 2 652 000 metric tons of coffee which amount to 44 200 000 60kg bags of coffee.
Coffee Production in Brazil
Brazil, often referred to as the Coffee King, is the largest coffee producer in the world and responsible for producing a 3rd of the world’s coffee. Not a small feat by any means. Coffee plantations in Brazil cover around 27,000 km2 of land and are mostly located in the southeastern states. These states include Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Paraná where weather conditions are ideal for coffee production.
The climate these states provide, in combination with fertile soils and rich biodiversity, give birth to some of the best coffee in the world. With over 50% of Brazilian coffee produced in Minas Gerais alone, it is no surprise that Minas Gerais is commonly referred to as Brazil’s “Coffee Land”.
Each state is known for producing a certain type of coffee, such as Minas Gerais’ Carmo de Minas. Minas Gerais’s coffee is picked from September to May. Carmo de Minas takes more than 3 years to mature. It reaches full maturity when it’s about 200 days old. That is when processing begins. After harvest, coffee beans must go through several different stages before they are ready for consumers to enjoy.
Both the 2 most popular coffee plant species, Arabica and Robusta, are found in Brazil. However, Arabica dominates in this regard. Arabica is almost exclusively produced in the state of Minas Gerais and 80% of Robusta is produced in the state of Espírito Santo.
Fun Fact: Not only is Brazil the largest producer of coffee, but it is also one of the larger consumers of coffee in the world.
Other Main Producers of Coffee
Now we’re going to have a look at other countries that produce large amounts of coffee.
Vietnam is the 2nd largest producer of coffee in the world and considered to be one of the most competitive producers of Robusta coffee. The country has over 300,000 hectares occupied by coffee plants, mainly in Tay Nguyen area, which contains areas registered as Coffee Cultural Heritages. Vietnam has a special variety, called Vietnamese Arabica, which tastes a lot like Brazilian Arabica with a higher price.
Colombia is the third-largest producer of Arabica coffee in the world, accounting for approximately 5% of annual worldwide production. The country grows many varietals and provides conditions nearly perfect for coffee bean production. Colombia’s climate is conducive for growing Arabica coffee, which originated in Ethiopia and was spread to other parts of the globe. Coffee grows best between 23 and 7 degrees latitude, and Colombia lies within that range. The most prized coffee – Harrar – also originates in this region.
4th on the list is Indonesia which is primarily known for the production of Robusta coffee with a production percentage of 75% compared to Arabica coffee at 25%. The Indonesian coffee industry rose to challenge the protective trade barriers of the colonial era, as well as labor shortages after World War II. Agricultural research by the Dutch prior to and during their rule contributed substantially to today’s predominant large-scale farming methods in Indonesia. Thanks to this, there are large government departments dealing directly with coffee, but there is no single state-owned company that handles the export of agricultural products.
Ethiopia is not the first country that might come to mind when people think of coffee, but it is home to some of the best coffee beans in the world. Coffee originated in Ethiopia and experts believe that Ethiopian Arabica coffee beans are considered one of the finest in existence. These beans are highly traded and are used in a lot of gourmet coffee blends. The production and trade of these unique beans dates back thousands of years. Although there are many places growing and producing coffee in Ethiopia, the Kafa region is regarded as the primary growing area.
Top 10 Producers of Coffee
Let’s have a look at the top 10 producers of coffee in the world, and how much coffee each country has produced in 2019.
|Rank||Country||60 kilogram bags||Metric Tons||Pounds|
|1||Brazil||44,200,000||2,652,000 Metric Tons||5,714,381,000|
|2||Vietnam||27,500,000||1,650,000 Metric Tons||3,637,627,000|
|3||Colombia||13,500,000||810,000 Metric Tons||1,785,744,000|
|4||Indonesia||11,000,000||660,000 Metric Tons||1,455,050,000|
|5||Ethiopia||6,400,000||384,000 Metric Tons||846,575,000|
|6||Honduras||5,800,000||348,000 Metric Tons||767,208,000|
|7||India||5,800,000||348,000 Metric Tons||767,208,000|
|8||Uganda||4,800,000||288,000 Metric Tons||634,931,000|
|9||Mexico||3,900,000||234,000 Metric Tons||515,881,000|
|10||Guatemala||3,400,000||204,000 Metric Tons||449,743,000|
The next time you have your favourite cup of coffee you will know where it was most likely produced. Chances are good that it was produced in Brazil, or possibly in one of the other countries mentioned above.